Happy Birthday: Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972)


On this date we mark the birth of Kwame Nkrumah in 1909 Kwame Nkrumah became the first prime minister and later president of Ghana He was born at Nkroful in what was then the British-ruled Gold Coast the son of a goldsmith
In 1930 at Achimota College in Accra the capital of the Gold Coast Nkrumah earned a teachers certificate and taught at several Catholic elementary schools In 1939 he graduated from Lincoln University with B. A degrees in economics and sociology earned a theology degree from the Lincoln Theological Seminary in 1942 and received M. A. degrees in education and philosophy from the University of Pennsylvania in 1942 and 1943 and He also promoted Pan-Africanism a movement for cooperation between all people of African descent and for the political union of an independent Africa In 1945 he went to London to study economics and law That year he helped organize the fifth Pan-African Congress in Manchester with Black American sociologist and writer W.E.B. Du Bois future president of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta and American actor and civil rights activist Paul Robeson In 1946 Nkrumah left his academic studies to become secretary general of the West African National Secretariat That same year Nkrumah became vice president of the West African Students Union a pro-independence organization of younger more politically aggressive African students studying in Britain and He returned to Ghana in 1947 and became general secretary of the newly founded United Gold Coast Convention but split from it in 1949 to form the Convention People party (CPP) However the strikes had convinced the British authorities to move the colony toward independence In 1951 Nkrumah while still in prison won the central Accra seat by a landslide The British governor of the Gold Coast released Nkrumah from prison and appointed him leader of government business The following year he named him Prime Minister Reelected in 1954 and 1956 Nkrumah guided the Gold Coast to independence in 1957 under the name Ghana after an ancient West African empire Nkrumah built a strong central government and attempted to unify the country politically and to muster all its resources for rapid economic development As a proponent of Pan-Africanism he sought the liberation of the entire continent from colonial rule offered generous assistance to other African nationalists and initially pursued a policy of nonalignment with the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) His goal was never realized but his efforts helped bring about the Organization of African Unity in 1963 which promotes peace and cooperation between African nations In 1960 Ghana became a republic and Nkrumah was elected president Between 1961 and 1966 Nkrumah put together an ambitious and very expensive hydroelectric project on the Volta River that though highly successful was laced with economic mismanagement along with several other developmental schemes over the period



in my opinion The new millennium witnessed the OAU transformation into the African Common Market devoted to seeking the continental integration of financial markets and the facilitation of labor exploitation with the blessings of American empire Globally progressives can only lament that the United States does not offer enough financial aid to Africans nor sufficiently forgive their governments debts in short many defenders of the continent believe the imperialists are not involved in Africa enough! The contemporary moment is for many a time in which African peoples struggle to delink from empire amounts to a dream and subordinate African nation-states and ruling classes have given up even the pretext of such a possibility A rethinking of the Pan-African community-organizing tradition may hold out some hope of finding new pathways and refashioning ideas about the future of self-government

Definition of Pan Africanism

Pan-Africanism is an internationalist philosophy that is based on the idea that Africans and people of African descent share a common bond Pan Africanism therefore seeks the unity and autonomy of African peoples and peoples of African descent it is also a vision dedicated to fulfilling their right to self-determination African diasporas the global dispersion of people of African descent from their original homelands emerged through slave trading, labor migration, commerce, and war Imagining home through a collective identity and cultural identification with Africa Pan-Africanists mobilize for the continent restoration, prosperity and safety Pan-Africanism allows African and African Diaspora communities to transcend the status of ethnic minority or oppressed nationality by replacing it with the consciousness of being a nation within a nation Colonial degradation took many forms in the African world depending on the varying policies of Britain, Portugal, France, Germany, Holland, Belgium, or the United States These policies included direct military occupation, economic subordination through labor exploitation and the regulation of trade relations, cultural imperialism, indirect rule using traditional or even manufactured tribal leaders, promises of citizenship for select Africans and seemingly benevolent development programs The attitudes of imperial officials were far from monolithic Some insisted Africans were racially inferior and needed to be controlled through corporal punishment including rape and the chopping off of limbs others saw African peoples as primitive yet noble even potential equals someday with proper mentoring over time An idea of Africa as ”the dark continent” was created over time by both official intellectual and government institutions and popular culture Africa came to be seen as suffering from dependency complexes and as unfit for self-government Importantly, racist viewpoints did not always preclude recognition of African elites who could function on many levels as modern ”credits to their race” or alternatively as keepers of ethnic wisdom and traditions. Close engagement with such elites was inherent to the civilizing mission and a crucial component of “enlightened” imperial government An idea of Africa as ”the dark continent” was created over time by both official intellectual and government institutions and popular culture Africa came to be seen as suffering from dependency complexes and as unfit for self-government Importantly, racist viewpoints did not always preclude recognition of African elites who could function on many levels as modern ”credits to their race” or alternatively as keepers of ethnic wisdom and traditions Close engagement with such elites was inherent to the civilizing mission and a crucial component of “enlightened” imperial government

Plots Of the neo-colonial in Africa

President Nkrumah was democratically elected in Ghana The imperialist countries including CIA in America overthrew his government And Patrice Lumumba was legitimately elected First Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Belgium and the American government were involved in his assassination and overthrow of his government Evidence that he was burnt alive has emerged and last year a still embarrassed Belgian government appointed a Commission to investigate the circumstances of Lumumba death And Murtala Mohammed of Nigeria and Thomas Sankara of Burkina Faso were assassinated by foreign powers and Milton Obote in Uganda was overthrown by Britain under Heath’s government and in his stead Idi Amini (Military dictator) was installed He murdered thousands of Ugandans And All these African leaders were overthrown or killed because they did not fit the ‘’planned regime’’ strategy They were not trusted to look after neo-colonial economic interests at the expense of African economic interests

The Economics of Exploitation In Africa

Global capital and its comprador elites within Africa have systematically plundered and ruined the continent before and after independence Even now the average income of Africans is lower than it was in the 1960s and if one applies the necessary correctives to GDP tallies and many African nations have been losing per capita income as the result of foreign investment Moreover And neoliberal programmes of privatization and monetarism have made the poor worse and worse off and without leading to any significant improvement in growth or development Combine this with the massive theft of African production by local dictators and foreign multinationals the extreme monoculture production of many African nations and the unfair trade practices in agriculture on the part of Western nations (in particular the EU)

September 12th marks the anniversary of the death of one of South Africa’s most prolific and pioneering anti-Apartheid activists Stephen Bantu Biko


September 12th marks the anniversary of the death of one of South Africa’s most prolific and pioneering anti-Apartheid activists Stephen Bantu Biko ,Biko rose to prominence as a student leader whilst at university establishing the all-black and pro-black South African Students Organisation (SASO) He later became the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) in the early 70s, an ideological revolution aimed at the uplifting of black culture in the face of the systematic and racially oppressive system that was Apartheid
The growth of the BCM threatened the structure of Apartheid so much so that in 1973 Biko was banned, by the South African government, from taking part in any political activity and was confined to the magisterial district of King William’s Town his birth place
In spite of being banned, Biko continued to advance the work of Black Consciousness. For instance, he established an Eastern Cape branch of BCP and through BCP he organised literacy and dressmaking classes and health education programmes. Quite significantly, he set up a health clinic outside King William’s Town for poor rural Blacks who battled to access city hospitals
In the wake of the urban revolt of 1976 and with the prospects of national revolution becoming increasingly real, security police detained Biko, the outspoken student leader, on August 18th. At this time Biko had begun studying law by mail through the University of South Africa/UNISA He was thirty years old and was reportedly extremely fit when arrested He was taken to Port Elizabeth but was later transferred to Pretoria where he died in detention under mysterious circumstances in 1977
Due to local and international outcry his death prompted an inquest which at first did not adequately reveal the circumstances surrounding his death. Police alleged that he died from a hunger strike and independent sources said he was brutally murdered by police. Although his death was attributed to “a prison accident,” evidence presented during the 15-day inquest into Biko’s death revealed otherwise. During his detention in a Port Elizabeth police cell he had been chained to a grill at night and left to lie in urine-soaked blankets He had been stripped naked and kept in leg-irons for 48 hours in his cell. A blow in a scuffle with security police led to him suffering brain damage by the time he was driven naked and manacled in the back of a police van to Pretoria, where, on 12 September 1977 he died
Two years later a South African Medical and Dental Council (SAMDC) disciplinary committee found there was no prima facie case against the two doctors who had treated Biko shortly before his death. Dissatisfied doctors, seeking another inquiry into the role of the medical authorities who had treated Biko shortly before his death, presented a petition to the SAMDC in February 1982, but this was rejected on the grounds that no new evidence had come to light. Biko’s death caught the attention of the international community, which increased the pressure on the South African government to abolish its detention policies and called for an international probe on the cause of his death Even close allies of South Africa, Britain and the United States of America, expressed deep concern about the death of Biko They also joined the increasing demand for an international probe
It took eight years and intense pressure before the South African Medical Council took disciplinary action. On 30 January, 1985, the Pretoria Supreme Court ordered the SAMDC to hold an inquiry into the conduct of the two doctors who treated Steve Biko during the five days before he died Judge President of the Transvaal, Justice W G Boshoff, said in a landmark judgment that there was prima facie evidence of improper or disgraceful conduct on the part of the “Biko” doctors in a professional respect This serves to illustrate that so many years after Biko’s death his influence lived on

Africa Must Be Ready To Defend Itself Against Resurgent Western Imperialism

When imperialism impose leaders on you the result is exploitation withouth development,economic depression=poverty
 Africans must denounces the house-slaves,soldout leaders the agents of imperialist or they will continue to remain passive&lacking direction
Any people that oppresses another people is neither civilized non human Neo-imperialism is alive and well, just look at Iraq, just look at Libya,ivory Coast, just look at the way Nigeria is being robbed each day
Belgians were in DR Congo for about 100yrs exploiting that country’s rich minerals resources only managed to develop a single tarred road
The oil- rich Nigeria despite the long existence of the West in that country was still importing fuel from Europe
Exploitation of African people and resources to feed Western greed has changed little since and the imperialism breeds corruption&fraudulent mind sets they stole from Africa 365days centuries&then kill us when we question their sincerity, Imperialist have an insatiable appetite for the Africa bounty.They’re guilty of hoarding Africa resources Since Africa was invaded the only visible development of her people is poverty which is meant to eliminate them and The natural resources of African must remain in the hands of Africa masses instead of having it robbed by multinational corporations
Africans today are so overwhelmingly crazy for western materials we have forgotten those our people that perished during freedom struggle
Slavery Wasn’t a Trade It Was a Robbery and Genocide
The struggle of Africans is the struggle of all citizens who are pathologically oppressed by the imperialist capitalist interests
Political&cultural traitors house slaves are the enemies of Africans struggle to liberate itself from 500years of colonial/slavery brutality
We must straighten our backs and strive for our freedom. No one can ride you, unless your back is bent to be rode on Straighten your mind
Revolt against corrupt imperialist capitalist class with their local puppets &you will feel the spirit of life run right through your body 

Neo-colonialism is also the worst form of imperialism it means exploitation without redress Neo-colonialism like colonialism and Racism denies the people access to life, liberty, to the pursue of happiness, to proper education, to control over their own resources etc