Africa is the richest continent in the world

Africa is the richest continent in the world in terms of natural resources, but simultaneously is the poorest continent in the world in terms of the wealth of its citizens. It’s no secret that Africa has been subjected to extensive colonization from the Western powers like Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and the Netherlands but now people are starting to take notice and be somewhat wary of the role that China is now playing in the African nations
In terms of history China has been linked to Africa since about the 14th century in terms of trade, with some historians believing that there were earlier transcontinental trade routes The voyages of Admiral Zheng He to Africa is iconic history; Admiral Zheng He was of the Hui ethnic group and a devout Muslim and a tenet of Islam is that a devout Muslim must make a pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca at least once But Zheng He is expeditions were just the beginning In the modern era – the Mao and post-Mao era  China has become more and more involved in Africa  economy as well as diplomacy, military, culture and in some cases politics. The world has a watchful eye on China and Africa in particular is worried that China’s intentions may not be in Africa’s best interests In particular, they Are worried that China’s primary interests are for itself which ushers in fears of neo-colonialism
Colonialism and imperialism operate along the same lines; the mother country sets up a colony or colonial presence in a nation and simultaneously procures a supposed symbiotic relationship. In theory, the colony would give money and exports to the mother country, while the mother country provides protection. The problem with imperialism and colonialism is that it frequently turns much darker and not only can lead to blatant racism and a sense of cultural superiority from the mother country, but can lead to exploitation and instead of a symbiotic relationship it could become a parasitic relationship To put things in perspective, many African nations gained their independence at around the same time as the Asian colonies The New World colonies for the most part gained their independence in the 18th and 19th centuries. But then the European powers (and Japan) moved into Asia, setting up colonies in India, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka (Ceylon) among others China itself was subjected to the European powers influence during the time of the Opium Wars, the Spheres of Influence and the World Wars – also having to deal with Japanese imperialism, occupation and the Sino-Japanese Wars Decolonization of Africa started in the 1950s and 1960s, and Asia soon followed Nigeria gained independence in 1960 and Singapore, noted for its skyscrapers and booming economy, gained independence in 1965 Soviet Russia and Communist China were the only two main powers that actively supported the end of colonialism in Africa and Asia since the Old Masters did little but exploit or create racial tensions while vampirizing the resources of their colonies But there is a marked difference between Africa and Asia That’s development Nigeria is known as the Giant of Africa and yet suffers from incompetence and corruption from its leaders and a failing infrastructure. Although Africa is far from the desert wasteland it’s often portrayed to be, nations like Malaysia and Singapore are much more built up than many African nations and regional pandemics, genocidal warfare and corrupt officials are still commonplace in Africa Consider Nigeria and the UAE (United Arab Emirates) Nigeria gained independence from the Britain in 1960 The UAE gained independence from Britain in 1971 They are both oil producing nations The difference? Nigeria has rampant corruption, intermittent power outages is lacking in facilities and while most of the nation lives on scraps, the senators are the most well-paid senators in the world Each Nigerian senator earns more than President Obama Most of the Nigerian public barely has the money to make ends meet as it is
Why? Because although Nigeria produces oil it has no facilities to manufacture it It has to ship out its crude oil to be processed into gasoline/petrol, and then shipped back into Nigeria – for a fee – and then the price of oil goes up at the pump The funds to make or repair the places that would make oil for the nation consistently go missing, as does the money to repair the roads where people die every day as the roads give way and make huge craters The UAE, in contrast, has a booming economy and Dubai is an economic Mecca
China is frequently giving money in loans to Africa or building up various buildings for them The African Union Conference Center in Addis Ababa Ethiopia was built as a gift from the Chinese government
In terms of social customs being impacted many African people feel wary about Chinese involvement with the effects of the Old Masters still present especially in areas like the Niger Delta where oil spillage is largely covered up by the media even though the risks of cancer and tumors are prevalent in that area as is undrinkable water Fears are also prevalent in nations like South Africa which had to deal with the British Apartheid, or areas with pirates, areas with “blood diamonds” or the areas where the government is so corrupt or incompetent that people could get away with what they want In fact there have been some near-international incidents where various Chinese people have told Africans that they should learn Chinese – despite the fact that they were on African soil. The imperialist overtones resound very strongly in Africa, where people were told to speak French or German or English and then had their governments and courts then conducted in that language
What most alarms people is that Africa knows that China wouldn’t be in Africa if it didn’t stand to benefit them in some way Chinese companies are there Chinese cultural centers are there, Chinese manufacturing is there and so people know that China is there because of an economic opportunity The problem is that in a place where it’s possible for militant terrorists can get away with violent crimes, people are worried that their governments couldn’t protect them if China did become imperialistic. Others are concerned that in a continent where many officials accept bribes that their governments could end up in China pocket
Africa knows that China benefits from their interactions and business dealings, but Africa is forced to worry about whether or not China has Africa best interests at heart


the southern African landlocked Republic of Malawi was


the southern African landlocked Republic of Malawi was colonised by the British in 1891 and up until July 6th, 1964, was known as Nyasaland The country independence was achieved largely through the efforts of the Nyasaland African Congress (NAC) formed in 1944 Headed by Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda in 1958 who left his position as a medical practitioner in Ghana to dedicate himself to the cause of Malawi independence Banda was elected president of the party The NAC was banned by colonial authorities in 1959 and Banda was subsequently jailed for his political activities After his release in 1960 Banda formed the NAC successor the Malawi Congress Party (MCP) and became it is first president At this stage, Nyasaland had been merged with Northern and Southern Rhodesia by the British to form the semi-independent region known as the Central African Federation (CAF) an entity that was still ruled largely by the dominant white European minority
Opposing this fusion of separate states Malawian nationalists began to gather local support and in 1961 Nyasaland held a Legislative Council Election that saw the MCP win the majority of the seats above other local parties As a result, the CAF was dissolved in 1963 with Banda becoming Prime Minister of Nyasaland and in 1964 he became President of Malawi Banda turned Malawi into a one-party state and remained President of the country until 1994 almost 30 years giving himself the title of President for Life of MCP in 1970 and of Malawi in the following year Despite his nationalist efforts towards Malawi independence Banda was seen as a pro-Western leader receiving aid from several Western states and also maintained relations with South Africa Apartheid government However he also credited by some as being supportive of women rights reforming Malawi education system and improving the country economy and infrastructure Malawi became a multi-party democratic state following a referendum in 1993 The current President of the country and Africa second woman head of state Joyce Banda (née Mtila) is of no relation to Dr. Banda

On this day, June 30, 1960, the Congo,


On this day, June 30, 1960, the Congo, arguably the world  most minerally rich nation, declared its independence from one of the most savage of colonizers, the bloody, beastly Belgians!…under the leadership of this man, Patrice Lumumba, who went to the great lengths of speaking four languages to bring his people together to make that moment happen! and who told his colonizers that “we will be your monkeys no more! in that glorious moment Savagely, of course, true to their devilish colors, the Belgians orchestrated a violent split within the new government in just a matter months! It would culminate with the assassination of Lumumba, the Lion of Pan-Afrikanism who brought it all together on January 17, ’61, less than seven months later

the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1963

the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1963 (pdf) – needs to take stock of its strengths and weaknesses as an intergovernmental organisation designed to promote the pan-African agenda politically and economically As articulated by the leading figures of pan-Africanism, that agenda consists of a three-dimensional project of political self-determination, economic self-reliance, and solidarity in the promotion and defence of African interests nationally and internationally The OAU came into existence as a compromise between the radical pan-Africanism of leaders such as Kwame Nkrumah who advocated a union government and a continental military high command, and the more conservative outlook of the pro-western leaders of Nigeria, Ivory Coast and Liberia who insisted on a gradual approach to African economic and political integrationn Despite the antagonistic positions separating them the groups were both favourable to setting up a pan-African institution based on the principles of state sovereignty non-interference in the internal affairs of member states and the inviolability of national boundaries Within the global context of the cold war, the more limited goals of the OAU were (1) the total independence of Africa from colonialism and white settler rule (2) the peaceful resolution of interstate conflicts through negotiation, mediation and conciliation and (3) greater solidarity and economic co-operation Decolonisation and majority rule, particularly in the colonial-settler states of Algeria, Kenya and South Africa where racism was institutionalised were a major achievement of the project. The culminating event was the liberation of South Africa from apartheid in 1994, ending 82 years of struggle led by the African National Congress and 31 years of support by the continent through the OAU This unswerving opposition to white minority rule and colonialism is undoubtedly the OAU’s greatest achievement It succeeded in mobilising African and world opinion against colonialists in the Portuguese colonies and settler states of Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe The worldwide isolation of the apartheid state of South Africa, including its exclusion from international organizations and sporting events, was spearheaded by the OAU And the OAU African Liberation Committee deserves praise for its outstanding work in supporting armed struggle in Guinea-Bissau and southern Africa. Guinea, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Mozambique and Zimbabwe also made great sacrifices in supporting total liberation from colonial oppression The OAU also had some achievements in conflict resolution, particularly mediating in border disputes, the major area of interstate conflict in Africa. However, most of the armed conflicts since independence have been internal rather than interstate As a pan-African organisation, the OAU had an obligation to address such conflicts inasmuch as they involved gross violations of human rights, including cases of genocide, and had a humanitarian dimension in the large number of refugees and internally displaced people they generated Unfortunately the OAU failed to exercise its right of intervention in cases of state-sponsored terrorism and heinous crimes, including ethnic cleansing and genocide The organization expressed little or no solidarity with Africans facing mortal danger from their own governments and never recognised the legitimacy of African struggles against African tyrants. In 1979, when President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania took the courageous decision to pursue invading Ugandan troops all the way to Kampala and assist Ugandan patriots in overthrowing the regime of Idi Amin Dada he found very little support among his African peers Things changed for the better in the 1990s, particularly with the adoption in 1993 in Cairo of the OAU mechanism for conflict prevention management and resolution, which gave the organization a role in internal conflicts. Since replacing the OAU in 2002, the AU has increased its intervention in domestic affairs. Both the AU commission and the regional economic communities (RECs) have played a useful role, sending peacekeeping forces to countries in turmoil The RECs seem to be playing a greater role in resolving internal conflicts than in promoting economic co-operation and integration A major problem confronting the AU is resources With so much dependence on the EU and other external funding, questions arise about African ownership and initiative in some of the theatres of intervention. In addition to governments lack of political will, the lack of resources for peace and security, as well as economic co-operation, is partly because countries are also members of multiple regional institutions. It is not uncommon for a country to belong to three or more regional economic groups. By spreading themselves thin, countries deprive institutions of the skills and money they need. This raises the question of how strongly committed Africa’s leaders are to economic and political integration This is at the heart of the AU’s future Its neoliberal development programme, Nepad, is less suited to the needs of workers and peasants than the more comprehensive development strategy of the Lagos plan of action adopted in 1980 As an organization that reflects the social character of the states composing it most of which are under authoritarian rulers who cling to power through force and electoral fraud the AU is ill-equipped to meet people aspirations for democracy and social progress

Brief history of the African Liberation Day

Agwambo Odera (Press release)—On 15 April 1958, in the city of Accra, Ghana, African leaders and political activists gathered at the first conference of independent African states It was attended by representatives of the governments of Ethiopia, Ghana, Liberia, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, The United Arab Republic (which was the federation of Egypt and Syria) and representatives of the National Liberation Front of Algeria and the Union of Cameroonian PeoplesThis conference was significant in that it represented the collective expression of African Peoples’ disgust with the system of colonialism and imperialism, which brought so much suffering to African people. Further, it represented the collective will to see the system of colonialism permanently done away with After 500 years of the most brutal suffering known to humanity, the rape of Africa and subsequent slave, which cost Africa in excess of about 100,000,000 of her children, the masses of African people singularly, separately, individually, in small disconnected groupings for centuries had said ‘enough!’ But in 1958, at the Accra conference, it was being said in ways that emphasised joint, coordinated and unified action. This conference gave sharp clarity and definition to Pan Africanism, the total liberation and unification of Africa under scientific socialism. The conference as well laid the foundation and the strategy for the further intensification and coordination of the next stage of the African revolution for the liberation of the rest of Africa, and eventual and complete unificationThe conference called for the founding of African Freedom Day, a day to ‘mark each year the onward progress of the liberation movement, and to symbolise the determination of the people of Africa to free themselves from foreign domination and exploration  Five years later after the first conference of independent African states in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia another historical meeting occurred On 25 May 1963, leaders of 32 independent Africa states met to form the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). By then more than two thirds of the continent had achieved independence from colonial rule. At that historic meeting, the date of Africa Freedom Day was changed from 15 April to 25 May and Africa Freedom Day was declared African Liberation Day African Liberation Day has since then been held on 25 May in every corner of the world African Liberation Day as an institution within the Pan African movement reflects the growth and development of Pan Africanism When Pan Africanism was faced with fighting colonialism, the focus of African Liberation Day was on the anti colonial struggle and the fight for national independence. As Pan Africanism grew stronger and developed into a more mature objective African Liberation Day activities reflected this maturation African Liberation Day has contributed to the struggle to raise the level of political awareness and organisation in African communities worldwide. It has further been used as a tool to provide a platform for many African and other oppressed peoples to inform the African masses about their respective struggles for true liberation and development Particularly for Southern Africa, African Liberation Day played a critical role in the defeat of colonialism and apartheid It inspired others to support through various progressive organisations, liberation committees and movements both in Africa and the socialist countries around the world, the building of anti colonial and national liberation movements by generating arms for the freedom fighters, offering a platform where the world could receive political education on the nature of the struggle, and providing a mass assembly where the spirit and moral of the freedom fighters could be reinvigorated. African Liberation Day has helped to expose US led imperialism, Zionism and colonialism as enemies of Africa Imperialists for decades have attempted to distance African Liberation Day (and the African Revolution in general) from the struggle for socialism. Remember that it was, and is, capitalist Europe, and not the Soviet Union, Cuba, North Korea, China or Vietnam which occupied, colonised and exploited Africa. Several states in Africa today stand independent because of military and other assistance from socialist countries From the first African Liberation Day held in Accra, Ghana where Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah planted the first seed to the hundreds of African Liberation Day observances which have occurred all over the world African Liberation Day stands committed to the struggle for national independence African redemption, African liberation African unification and scientific socialism Today, African Liberation Day activities are being organised throughout Africa and all over the world where African people are living and struggling. The journey down the revolutionary path can only be accomplished by joining a revolutionary organisation working for the people The freedom of Africa and African people demands revolutionary action through revolutionary organization